Mediterranean diet as prevention and treatment of Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis collectively known as inflammatory bowel disease, is thought to be related to an immune response towards the diet, via an interaction with the gut microbiome and gut barrier function.
Current treatments includes dietary strategies such as enteral nutrition, special diet, monoclonal antibodies and even stem cells.

A new study with 83.000 participant followed over 20 years demonstrates a positive relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean diet (high intake of fruit and vegetables, whole grains, polyunsaturated fat, and proteins from fish, legumes and nuts) and Crohn’s disease in regard to both prevention and treatment.